Raja Yoga is often called the Yoga of Meditation, however, it is not so simple to define it as Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Gyana Yoga, since it is in some sense a combination of the above paths.
As we have already said, the aphorisms of the sage Patanjali form the basis of this yoga. He divided Raja Yoga, also called Ashtanga Yoga, into eight steps: Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi (You can read more about these steps in the article “Eight Yoga Steps”).
The main exercise of Raja Yoga is yoga meditation – Samyama. Patanjali singled out its three steps – Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (concentration) and Samadhi (union with the Divine).
Raja Yoga is the path of liberation from suffering. She teaches about the existence of suffering, its cause, liberation from suffering and the means to achieve it. The practice of these remedies leads to liberation and eternal bliss.
Ignorance is the cause of suffering. Following this path, the soul realizes that it is free and independent.
The methods of Raja yoga are based on the understanding of the laws that are “incomprehensible” to the average person, as well as on consistent work with your “I”. She does not deny any facts on the grounds that they are difficult to explain, but at the same time she shows that strength and belief in miracles cannot be explained by the presence of a “being above the clouds.” Because faith in him can make a person believe that he is weak in nature.
Raja Yoga teaches that we have all the necessary means to satisfy all our needs, representing “droplets in an endless ocean of power and knowledge that is beyond humanity.” She also teaches that in nature there are gross and subtle phenomena. Moreover, the latter are the “causes” and are not felt by our senses, and the gross ones are the consequences that we feel. The practice of Raja Yoga helps one attain perfection of perception.
The path of this yoga is impossible without the ideas of non-disagreement, the non-existence of individuality of a person, blurring the boundaries between him and the whole world.
The practitioner must understand that following this path is impossible without the sensitive and continuous guidance of an experienced teacher, since he is able to determine the methods that would help the student to succeed. In Raja Yoga there are no uniform rules and paths suitable for everyone.