Yoga should be considered as a harmony of the three principles of man: physical, mental-emotional (mental) and spiritual.
The goal of yoga is to achieve and maintain such harmony. This goal has several aspects: Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Hatha Yoga, Jnani Yoga, Tantra Yoga, Kriya Yoga, Laya Yoga, Mantra, or Japa Yoga, Prana Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, etc.
Raja yoga is the dominance of consciousness over all three principles of man. It is also called “supreme, regal yoga.” She reveals all the potential abilities of the individual. For this, complex methods of self-regulation of the psyche are used (self-hypnosis, distraction from external and internal stimuli, concentration of attention, etc.).
Hatha Yoga is the preparatory phase of Raja Yoga. The term “Hatha” is symbolic and carries a deep philosophical meaning. “Ha” is the sun, “Tha” is the moon. This is a symbol of the unity of opposite principles. In the Universe, opposite principles exist in everything (heat – cold, positive – negative, light – darkness, electron – proton, man – woman, etc.). The unity and harmony of opposites creates balance. Hatha yoga is the doctrine of physical harmony, or harmony achieved through physical means of influencing the body (diet, breathing, asanas, hydrotherapeutic procedures, etc.), in contrast to the psychic means of influencing Raja yoga. Hatha Yoga leads to physical perfection and well-being, which is important for the body, mind and spirit of a person. She teaches how to achieve a long, healthy and happy life by improving health. Health is universal wealth. It is no coincidence that many reputable yogis consider Hatha yoga to be the initial link in achieving physical perfection, since “in a healthy body is a healthy mind.” By the way, this saying is found in Sanskrit sources, which date back to the VII-VI centuries. BC.
Bhakti-yoga – devotion to higher ideals, selfless love for the whole universe. Through such emancipation itself, the harmony of the personality takes place.