Stepan Vikentievich Stulginsky (Stulginskis, 1908 – 1995) – an outstanding Lithuanian architect and public figure, Roerich’s “first wave”, in the 1990s – chairman of the Lithuanian Roerich Society he recreated. He was born in 1908 in St. Petersburg. After World War I, the family moved to Lithuania.
In the gymnasium years, the personality and work of the Lithuanian philosopher-theosophist V. Vidunas, who not only gave lectures, but also was an example of a truly spiritual person, had a great influence on the spiritual formation and worldview of Stepan Vikentyevich. According to Stulginsky, a meeting with Vidunas saved him from atheism.
Stepan Vikentievich studied at the Prague Polytechnic Institute, where he received the profession of an engineer-architect. In 1931, he married Tamara Einorit, who became his faithful companion and sincere companion for life. In 1940, Stulginsky became the founder of the Faculty of Architecture of Kaunas University, and later the Dean of the Faculty and the Head of the Department of Architecture. Having experienced great need during his studies, he establishes a dean’s scholarship, which he allocates from his salary to needy students.
At the same time, spiritual searches lead him to the Doctrine of Living Ethics.
Since 1935, the Lithuanian Roerich Society has been actively working in Kaunas, on the initiative of which the best part of the Lithuanian intelligentsia signed a petition on ratification of the Roerich Pact in Lithuania. In 1942, Stulginsky became a member of the Society and, with his usual aspiration and enthusiasm, studied Living Ethics and took an active part in the work of the Society.
In 1944, the adopted daughter Irena appeared in the family of Stepan Vikentievich and Tamara Iosifovna, who not only accepted the Teaching of Living Ethics, but also subsequently continued the work begun by Stulginsky.
In 1949, Stulginsky was arrested, convicted of “idealism” of views, and sentenced to ten years in prison in one of the NKVD camps in Kazakhstan. He spent six years in the camp – in 1955 he was amnestied and returned to Lithuania, to Kaunas.